Flower Of The Month - Mimosa
The mimosa is a very decorative evergreen shrub that we appreciate for its winter flowering, in bright yellow and fragrant pompom-like clusters. In Latin, the mimosa is called acacia. The plant belongs to the fabaceae family. There are more than 1,200 species of mimosa and most of them are native to Australia, but also from tropical and subtropical regions of Africa. The acacia was first introduced in mild climate areas in 1850 where some became naturalised. The mimosa make beautiful cut flowering branches and will last 7-10 days in a vase. They add a burst of colours and texture to any floral arrangement, plus they look lovely dried as well.
The mimosa has been an emblem of femininity and freedom since 1946 for Women's Right Day. This tradition comes from Italy, when Italian women chose yellow as the official colour. At that time the mimosa was accessible to everyone and could easily be worn on a jacket. Nowadays it has become a tradition for men to buy their loved ones a bouquet of mimosa flower on Women's Right Day to show their appreciation.
The mimosa also symbolises respect, elegance, dignity, abundance and kindness. A perfect gift for Mother's Day or to a dear friend. The mimosa stand for the return of sunny days and provides spiritual and emotional security.
- The Golden Wattle (mimosa flower), is the national flower of Australia
- Acacia wood is dense, durable and strong and is used to build ships and furniture
- Some of its species have edible seeds which have a slight garlic taste
- The sap is used as a thickening agent in foods, paints, cosmetics and hair products
- The flower can be used to flavour liqueur, honey, soft drinks, candies and gums
- The fragrant flower is often used in perfumes
Grow your own...
The mimosa can be planted indoors or outside your home in spring or fall. The flower likes sunny places and should be well sheltered from the wind. The best temperature for the mimosa flower is generally 23 to 25 degrees Celsius. It also prefers drained and stony soils.
Care and Maintenance
- Water it regularly the first two years
- Keep the soil cool, especially when the plant is flowering
- Add fertiliser from March to September
- If you are growing your mimosa in a pot make sure you choose a large pot
- Prune the mimosa after flowering to keep them more dense and rounded
- For potted plants, take them inside over winter to protect them from frost